Between April and December 2003, I was employed on an AHRB research project at Sunderland University, studying international migration to Niorth East England. The history of pre-war migration includes arrivals from Scotland, Ireland and Wales, Arab sailors from the Yemen, the Jewish population of Sunderland, Durham, Middlesbrough and Newcastle. In the aftermath of 1945, other groups also appeared, Poles and 'Baltic cygnets', the Italians and the Chinese, 'New Commonwealth' migrants from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, Africa and the West Indies. The most public arrivals since 1990 have been asylum seekers, including people from Bosnia, Zimbabwe and Iraqi Kurds. The project explored the history of these groups, in order to ask whether the North East had provided a more tolerant welcome than other British regions?
One of the first full-length articles I wrote for the project was called
Here's a piece on migration to Newcastle since 1800:
Here's a piece on how migration law has developed:
Here are a couple of my short pieces looking at the relationships between trade unions and calls for labour restriction:Workers against immigration controls
British trade unionists and anti-asylum bills
Here are two short articles looking at moments in this history
Here are two longer pieces: